Groundhog Day in the United States
Groundhog Day falls on February 2 in the United States, coinciding with Candlemas. It is a part of popular culture among many Americans and it centers on the idea of the groundhog coming out of its home to “predict” the weather.
What Do People Do?
Groundhog Day is a popular observance in many parts of the United States. Although some states have in some cases adopted their own groundhogs, the official groundhog, Punxsutawney Phil, lives at Gobbler’s Knob near Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania. The town has attracted thousands of visitors over the years to experience various Groundhog Day events and activities on February 2.
The Punxsutawney Groundhog Club plays an important role in organizing Groundhog Day in the town. Club members, news reporters, locals, and visitors meet at Gobbler’s Knob on February 2 each year to await Phil’s appearance and his weather prediction. Pennsylvania’s governor has been known to attend Groundhog Day ceremonies. Many weather researchers questioned the groundhog’s accuracy in predicting the weather, but some of the groundhog’s fans may not agree.
Groundhog Day is an observance but it is not a public holiday in the United States. However, areas around parks and some streets may be busy or congested in towns, such as Punxsutawney, where Groundhog Day events are popular.
Roots in Nature
Thousands of years ago when animalism and nature worship were prevalent, people in the area of Europe now known as Germany believed that the badger had the power to predict the coming of spring. They watched the badger to know when to plant their crops. By the time the first German immigrants settled in Pennsylvania they probably understood that this was not true but the tradition continued.
Unfortunately, there were not many badgers in Pennsylvania so the groundhog was substituted for the badger. Tradition has it that if the groundhog sees its shadow on February 2 it will be frightened by it and will then return to its burrow, indicating that there will be 6 more weeks of winter. If it does not see its shadow, then spring is on the way.
Punxsutawney held its first Groundhog Day in the United States in the 1800s. The first official trek to Gobbler's Knob was made on February 2, 1887. It is said that Punxsutawney Phil (the groundhog) was named after King Phillip. He was called Br'er Groundhog prior to being known as Phil. Canada also celebrates Groundhog Day.
The movie “Groundhog Day” from 1993, starring comedian Bill Murray, made Punxsutawney Phil in Pennsylvania famous worldwide. The film's plot added new meaning to the term “Groundhog Day” as something that repeats itself endlessly.
Note: References to seasonal changes in this article relate to the Northern Hemisphere.
Groundhog Day Observances
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday Type||Where It is Observed|
|Tue||Feb 2||2010||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Wed||Feb 2||2011||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Thu||Feb 2||2012||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sat||Feb 2||2013||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sun||Feb 2||2014||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Mon||Feb 2||2015||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Tue||Feb 2||2016||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Thu||Feb 2||2017||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Fri||Feb 2||2018||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sat||Feb 2||2019||Groundhog Day||Observance|
|Sun||Feb 2||2020||Groundhog Day||Observance|
Quick FactsMany people in the United States observe Groundhog Day on February 2.
Groundhog Day 2017Thursday, February 2, 2017
Groundhog Day 2018Friday, February 2, 2018
Name in other languages
|Día de la Marmota||Spanish|
|Murmeltiertag (Groundhog Day)||German|
Other holidays in February 2017 in the United States
- National Freedom Day – Wednesday, February 1, 2017
- National Wear Red Day – Friday, February 3, 2017
- Rosa Parks Day – Saturday, February 4, 2017
- Tu Bishvat/Tu B'Shevat – Saturday, February 11, 2017
- Lincoln's Birthday – Sunday, February 12, 2017
- Lincoln's Birthday – Monday, February 13, 2017
- Valentine's Day – Tuesday, February 14, 2017
- Susan B Anthony's Birthday – Wednesday, February 15, 2017
- Elizabeth Peratrovich Day – Thursday, February 16, 2017
- Presidents' Day – Monday, February 20, 2017
- Maha Shivaratri – Friday, February 24, 2017
- Shrove Tuesday/Mardi Gras – Tuesday, February 28, 2017