Home   Calendar   Holidays   the United States   Rosa Parks Day

Rosa Parks Day in the United States

Rosa Parks Day is an American observance to honor civil rights activist Rosa Parks, who was known for refusing to give up her seat on a bus. It is a legal observance in California on February 4 and Ohio on December 1.

The fully restored Rosa Parks bus.
The "Rosa Parks" bus is an historic symbol of the struggle for equality.

Celebrate Rosa Parks Day

Rosa Parks Day promotes equal opportunities, civil rights, and fairness across communities in the U.S. Church leaders, politicians, and organizational leaders unite in states like California and Ohio to promote the day with a range of events and activities.

Many schools have classroom activities that focus on Rosa Parks' struggles for equality and achievements against discrimination.

Public Life

Rosa Parks Day is an observance and not a public holiday in the U.S.

About Rosa Parks

On December 1, 1955, African American seamstress Rosa Parks was travelling in a Montgomery City bus when the bus driver asked her to vacate her seat for a white man. The driver's request was standard practice of racial segregation in buses at the time. Rosa Parks refused to leave her seat on the grounds of fairness, freedom and equality. As a result, she was arrested and convicted of violating the laws of segregation, known as the "Jim Crow" laws. She appealed her conviction and formally challenged the legality of segregation. At the same time, civil rights activists, including Martin Luther King Jr, boycotted the Montgomery bus system.

The boycott lasted for 381 days, into December 1956, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the segregation law was unconstitutional and the Montgomery buses should be integrated. This boycott kick-started other civil rights protests throughout the U.S. Over the years, the Rosa Parks bus has become a symbol of the fight for equal rights. It has been fully restored and is now displayed in the Henry Ford Museum. Rosa Parks' Day, on February 4, is also known as the Day of Courage.

Rosa Parks Day Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday TypeWhere It is Observed
ThuFeb 42010Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceOhio
FriFeb 42011Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceOhio
SatFeb 42012Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
MonFeb 42013Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
TueFeb 42014Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
WedFeb 42015Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
ThuFeb 42016Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
SatFeb 42017Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
SunFeb 42018Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
MonFeb 42019Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio
TueFeb 42020Rosa Parks DayLocal observanceCalifornia, Ohio

Quick Facts

The life of American civil rights leader Rosa Parks is celebrated in the United States on either February 4 or December 1.

Rosa Parks Day 2018

Sunday, February 4, 2018 (local in California, Ohio)

Rosa Parks Day 2019

Monday, February 4, 2019 (local in California, Ohio)


Name in other languages

Rosa Parks DayEnglish
Dia de Rosa ParksSpanish
יום רוזה פארקסHebrew
روزا باركس يومArabic
로사 파크의 날Korean
Rosa Parks dagNorwegian

List of dates for other years

Related holidays

Other holidays in February 2019 in the United States

United Nation Holiday on February 4, 2019

Fun Holidays on February 4, 2019

You might also like

Look Up for Perseids Meteors

Look Up for Perseids Meteors

The Perseid meteor shower is still active in the night sky. Try our Interactive Meteor Shower Sky Map to see when and where to spot these shooting stars. more

The Hindu deity Rahu.

Solar Eclipse Myths

The solar eclipse has inspired many mythical stories and influenced human behavior. Even today, eclipses of the Sun are considered bad omens in many cultures. more

Watching Lunar Eclipses

A lunar eclipse can be seen with the naked eye, unlike solar eclipses, which have special safety requirements. more