Yom Kippur in the United Kingdom
Yom Kippur is a Jewish holiday known as the Day of Atonement. Many Jewish people in the United Kingdom spend the day fasting and praying. Its theme centers on atonement and repentance. Yom Kippur is on the 10th day of the month of Tishrei (or Tishri) in the Jewish calendar.
What Do People Do?
Many Jewish people in the United Kingdom believe that God seals their fate for the coming year on Yom Kippur. One tradition involves performing the Kaparot ritual before Yom Kippur. This involves taking a chicken or money in one’s right hand and revolving it over one’s head while reciting a prayer. The chicken is killed later and given to the poor (or the chicken’s cash value can be given).
This holiday involves fasting and praying. It is believed that those who repent from their sins will be granted a happy New Year. Many Jewish people spend time in the synagogue during part of this sacred holiday. The fasting lasts for 25 hours and begins on the evening before Yom Kippur. It ends after nightfall on Yom Kippur. Some restrictions can be lifted when a threat of health or life is involved. Many Jewish people in the United Kingdom attend special services in the evening on Yom Kippur. The shofar (a musical instrument made from a ram’s horn) is blown at the end of these services. The holiday ends on a joyous note, and many Jewish people take part in a festive meal after the fast is over.
Other activities include avoiding perfume, not washing and not wearing leather shoes. Some Jewish people in the United Kingdom may take the day off work or organize time off during this time of the year, as the general restrictions on work, as described for the Sabbath, apply on Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur is not a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. However, many Jewish businesses, organizations and schools may be closed on this holiday and the streets around synagogues may be busy.
Yom Kippur is often considered the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. Yom Kippur’s origins lie in a ritual purification of the Temple in Jerusalem from any accidental ritual impurities that had occurred in the past year. The Kohen Gadol (high priest) entered the Holy of Holies at the center of the temple on Yom Kippur. It was important that he was spiritually and physically as pure as possible.
Many rituals were carried out to ensure that the Kohen Gadol was pure and that he did not carry any ritual impurities into the Holy of Holies. Yom Kippur became a more somber holiday after the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. The Torah calls the day Yom HaKippurim and Leviticus 23:27 decrees a strict prohibition of work and affliction of the soul upon the 10th day of the seventh month, known as Tishrei.
It is customary to wear white on Yom Kippur, which symbolizes purity and calls to mind the promise that one’s sins should be wiped away. Some people of Jewish faith also believe that humans are compared to angels on this day. It is customary to not wear gold jewelry as gold serves as a reminder of sins associated with the golden calf, a story passed down among the Jewish community.
Many Jewish men wear a kittel or sargenes and a tallit on Yom Kippur. A kittel is a simple white robe that is also used as a shroud and is worn by bridegrooms in some Jewish communities. A tallit (tallis, taleysm) is a prayer shawl with tzitzis strings tied through each of the four corners.
About Yom Kippur in other countriesRead more about Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur ObservancesNote: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
|Weekday||Date||Year||Name||Holiday Type||Where It is Observed|
|Sat||Sep 18||2010||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Oct 8||2011||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 26||2012||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 14||2013||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Oct 4||2014||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 23||2015||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 12||2016||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Sat||Sep 30||2017||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Sep 19||2018||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Wed||Oct 9||2019||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
|Mon||Sep 28||2020||Yom Kippur||Jewish holiday|
Quick FactsYom Kippur is an important Jewish holiday that falls on the 10th day of the month of Tishrei in the Jewish calendar.
Yom Kippur 2017Saturday, September 30, 2017
Yom Kippur 2018Wednesday, September 19, 2018
Note: Jewish holidays begin at sundown the day before the date specified for the holiday.
- Rosh Hashana – Thursday, September 21, 2017
Other holidays in September 2017 in the United Kingdom
- Eid-al-Adha – Saturday, September 2, 2017
- Navaratri – Wednesday, September 20, 2017
- Rosh Hashana – Thursday, September 21, 2017
- Muharram/Islamic New Year – Friday, September 22, 2017
- Dussehra – Saturday, September 30, 2017