What Happened On This Day – October 1
1991 Siege of Dubrovnik
The Siege of Dubrovnik began during the Croatian War of Independence. On this day, the Yugoslav People's Army started its offensive on Dubrovnik.
1961 Formation of Federal Republic of Cameroon
British Cameroon or Southern Cameroon joined the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
1957 Thalidomide launched
Thalidomide, an anti-nausea drug and sleep-aid, was launched. For about five years it was commonly prescribed to pregnant women as a drug to deal with morning sickness. It was finally withdrawn from the market after it was determined that it caused birth defects.
1949 People's Republic of china is established
Mao Zedong declared the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
1946 Trial of the Major War Criminals end
The Trial of the Major War Criminals part of the Nuremberg trials ended with sentences being passed against several key members of the Nazi party.
Births On This Day,
1935 Julie Andrews
English actress, singer
1924 Jimmy Carter
American politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
1924 William Rehnquist
American lawyer, jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States
1910 Bonnie Parker
1896 Liaquat Ali Khan
Indian/Pakistani lawyer, politician, Prime Minister of Pakistan
Deaths On This Day,
2013 Tom Clancy
2012 Eric Hobsbawm
Egyptian/English historian, author
2004 Richard Avedon
1990 Curtis LeMay
1972 Louis Leakey