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On this day in history - October 1

What Happened On This Day – October 1

  • 1991 Siege of Dubrovnik

    The Siege of Dubrovnik began during the Croatian War of Independence. On this day, the Yugoslav People's Army started its offensive on Dubrovnik.

  • 1961 Formation of Federal Republic of Cameroon

    British Cameroon or Southern Cameroon joined the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.

  • 1957 Thalidomide launched

    Thalidomide, an anti-nausea drug and sleep-aid, was launched. For about five years it was commonly prescribed to pregnant women as a drug to deal with morning sickness. It was finally withdrawn from the market after it was determined that it caused birth defects.

  • 1949 People's Republic of china is established

    Mao Zedong declared the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

  • 1946 Trial of the Major War Criminals end

    The Trial of the Major War Criminals part of the Nuremberg trials ended with sentences being passed against several key members of the Nazi party.

Illustration of stork, signifying birth

Births On This Day,
October 1

  • 1935 Julie Andrews

    English actress, singer

  • 1924 Jimmy Carter

    American politician, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate

  • 1924 William Rehnquist

    American lawyer, jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States

  • 1910 Bonnie Parker

    American criminal

  • 1896 Liaquat Ali Khan

    Indian/Pakistani lawyer, politician, Prime Minister of Pakistan

Illustration of tombstone, signifying death

Deaths On This Day,
October 1

  • 2013 Tom Clancy

    American author

  • 2012 Eric Hobsbawm

    Egyptian/English historian, author

  • 2004 Richard Avedon

    American photographer

  • 1990 Curtis LeMay

    American general

  • 1972 Louis Leakey

    Kenyan/English archaeologist