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On this day in history - October 19

What Happened On This Day – October 19

  • 2005 Trial of Saddam Hussein Begins

    The Iraqi Special Tribunal started the trial of deposed President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, and 7 other defendants for crimes against humanity. Hussein, who was the fifth President of Iraq was found guilty and was executed by hanging a year later on December 30, 2006.

  • 1954 Cho Oyu Scaled for the First Time in Recorded History

    The 6th highest mountain peak in the world, Cho Oyu is part of the Himalayan mountain range and lies on the Nepal-China border. It was scaled by Nepalese Pasang Dawa Lama and Austrians Joseph Jöchler and Herbert Tichy.

  • 1950 Battle of Chamdo (Qamdo) Ends

    Also known as the Liberation of Tibet in China, the war between China and Tibet began on October 6, when Chinese military forces under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping entered the country from Sichuan. At the end of the battle, the Chinese had taken over the border city of Chamdo. The battle was the starting point for negotiations between the two countries over the status of Tibet.

  • 1943 Streptomycin is Discovered

    The miracle antibiotic that became the first line of offense against tuberculosis in the mid 20th century was isolated for the first time by graduate student Albert Schatz while working under Selman Abraham Waksman at Rutgers University. Schatz later sued Waksman to gain a portion of the profits and notoriety which came from the discovery. Waksman eventually received the Nobel Prize for the achievement. However, there was controversy as the award went to Waksman only.

  • 1914 First Battle of Ypres

    Part of the Battle of Flanders during the First World War, the First Battle of Ypres was fought in the Belgian city of Ypres. It was fought between German forces on one side and the Belgian, French and British troops on the other. Fighting continued until November 22, when harsh weather forced the two sides to take a break from the hostilities.

Illustration of stork, signifying birth

Births On This Day,
October 19

  • 1962 Evander Holyfield

    American boxer

  • 1958 Michael Steele

    American politician, 7th Lieutenant Governor of Maryland

  • 1946 Philip Pullman

    English author

  • 1945 John Lithgow

    American actor

  • 1944 Peter Tosh

    Jamaican singer-songwriter, guitarist

Illustration of tombstone, signifying death

Deaths On This Day,
October 19

  • 1893 Lucy Stone

    American activist

  • 1813 Józef Poniatowski

    Polish general

  • 1745 Jonathan Swift

    Irish author

  • 1682 Thomas Browne

    English author

  • 1216 John, King of England