What Happened On This Day – September 10
2014 First Invictus Games Held
The international games bring together wounded armed forces personnel and veterans who compete in athletic competitions. The 2014 Invictus Games were held at the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in London, England. 300 competitors from 13 countries participated in the games. The next games will take place in 2016.
2008 Large Hadron Collider Goes Live
The world’s largest particle collider, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was built by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). It is an 18-mile (27km) long experimental machine which passes through the French-Swiss border. The Collider was constructed to find the Higgs Boson particle, an elementary particle in physics.
1977 Last Person to be Executed in France
Hamida Djandoubi was also the last person to be executed by a guillotine. Djandoubi was convicted and sentenced to death for the murder of 21-year old Elisabeth Bousquet.
1960 Baghdad Conference Begins
The 5-day long conference in Iraq’s capital city ended with the creation of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), an intergovernmental organization of oil-producing countries. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela were the original members of the group. Today, there are 13 members of the organization. OPEC is responsible for coordinating and unifying oil and gas policies in member states and for creating an efficient and fair system of production, sale, and investment in the petroleum industry.
1846 Patent For Sewing Machine Awarded
The United States’ Patent Office awarded a patent for the first sewing machine with a lockstitch design to Elias Howe from Spencer, Massachusetts. While he had little success marketing his machine in the US, machines similar to his design became very successful, especially among women. The similarity of the machine sold by Isaac Singer, founder of the Singer Sewing Machine Company to Howe’s machine prompted Howe to take Singer to court. He won the case.
Births On This Day – September 10
1976 Matt Morgan
American wrestler, actor
1960 Colin Firth
1941 Stephen Jay Gould
1839 Charles Sanders Peirce
American philosopher, mathematician, scientist
Deaths On This Day – September 10
1985 Jock Stein
Scottish footballer, manager
1935 Huey Long
1898 Empress Elisabeth of Austria
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft
English author, philosopher
1669 Henrietta Maria of France