|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Example City||Current Time|
|UTC +1||CET||Central European Time||Paris||Mon, 6:09:04 pm|
The main part of the country, France métropolitaine, which lies in central Europe and includes the capital Paris, spans only 1 time zone. The remaining 11 time zones are added by France's dependencies (France d’Outre-Mer). Please see below for a complete list.
|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Commences|
|UTC +2||CEST||Central European Summer Time||Mar 31, 2019|
The above time zone is used during other parts of the year. It will become active again after the next clock change as Daylight Saving Time begins or ends.
|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Dependency||Type||Current Time|
|UTC -10||TAHT||Tahiti Time||French Polynesia||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 7:09:04 am|
|UTC -9:30||MART||Marquesas Time||French Polynesia||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 7:39:04 am|
|UTC -9||GAMT||Gambier Time||French Polynesia||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 8:09:04 am|
|UTC -8||EAST||Easter Island Standard Time||Clipperton Island||Overseas territory||Mon, 9:09:04 am|
|UTC -4||AST||Atlantic Standard Time||Guadeloupe||Overseas department||Mon, 1:09:04 pm|
|AST||Atlantic Standard Time||Martinique||Overseas department||Mon, 1:09:04 pm|
|AST||Atlantic Standard Time||Saint Barthélemy||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 1:09:04 pm|
|AST||Atlantic Standard Time||Saint Martin||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 1:09:04 pm|
|UTC -3||GFT||French Guiana Time||French Guiana||Overseas department||Mon, 2:09:04 pm|
|UTC -2||PMDT||Pierre & Miquelon Daylight Time||Saint Pierre and Miquelon||Overseas collectivity||Mon, 3:09:04 pm|
|UTC +3||EAT||Eastern Africa Time||Mayotte||Overseas department||Mon, 8:09:04 pm|
|UTC +4||RET||Reunion Time||Réunion (French)||Overseas department||Mon, 9:09:04 pm|
|UTC +5||TFT||French Southern and Antarctic Time||French Southern Territories||Overseas territory||Mon, 10:09:04 pm|
|UTC +11||NCT||New Caledonia Time||New Caledonia||Overseas collectivity||Tue, 4:09:04 am|
|UTC +12||WFT||Wallis and Futuna Time||Wallis and Futuna||Overseas collectivity||Tue, 5:09:04 am|
In 1884, the international community adopted Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) as the world's time standard. Back then, GMT was based on solar time at the prime meridian that runs through Greenwich, United Kingdom.
However, France continued to use its own standard for several decades. It was based on solar time in Paris, so local time in France was Paris Mean Time (PMT), which was 9 minutes and 11 seconds ahead of GMT. In 1911, France turned its civil time back by precisely that amount to synchronize its clocks with GMT. However, rather than officially adopting GMT as its standard time, the country now proclaimed PMT-0:09:21 as the name of its standard time zone.
Today, most of the European part of France uses a time zone that does not adequately reflect the solar time on its longitude. CET is based on solar time at 15° eastern longitude, which runs along the border between Germany and Poland. CEST, France's Daylight Saving Time, refers to an even less suitable solar time, at 30° longitude, which runs close to Kyiv, Ukraine.