Time Zones Currently Being Used in United States
|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Example City||Current Time|
|UTC -10||HST||Hawaii Standard Time||Honolulu||Sat, 9:33:09 pm|
|UTC -8||AKDT||Alaska Daylight Time||Anchorage||Sat, 11:33:09 pm|
|UTC -7||PDT||Pacific Daylight Time||Los Angeles||Sun, 12:33:09 am|
|MST||Mountain Standard Time||Phoenix||Sun, 12:33:09 am|
|UTC -6||MDT||Mountain Daylight Time||Salt Lake City||Sun, 1:33:09 am|
|UTC -5||CDT||Central Daylight Time||Chicago||Sun, 2:33:09 am|
|UTC -4||EDT||Eastern Daylight Time||New York||Sun, 3:33:09 am|
How Many Time Zones Are There in the US?
There are 9 time zones by law in the USA and its dependencies. However, adding the time zones of 2 uninhabited US territories, Howland Island and Baker Island, brings the total count to 11 time zones.
The contiguous US has 4 standard time zones. In addition, Alaska, Hawaii, and 5 US dependencies all have their own time zones. As neither Hawaii nor the 5 dependencies use Daylight Saving Time (DST), there are only 6 corresponding DST time zones.
A 12th Time Zone?
Since Howland Island and Baker Island constitute the world's westernmost landmasses in relation to the International Date Line, making them the last places on Earth where any date exists, they are sometimes assigned a theoretical 12th time zone called Anywhere on Earth (AoE).
Generalized Time Zones in United States
|Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Offset||Current Time|
|PT||Pacific Time||UTC -8:00 / -7:00||Sun, 12:33:09 am|
|MT||Mountain Time||UTC -7:00 / -6:00||Sun, 1:33:09 am|
|CT||Central Time||UTC -6:00 / -5:00||Sun, 2:33:09 am|
|ET||Eastern Time||UTC -5:00 / -4:00||Sun, 3:33:09 am|
The time zones in the contiguous US are often referred to by their generic name, without making a difference between standard time and Daylight Saving Time designations. For example, Eastern Time (ET) refers to Eastern Standard Time (EST) or Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), depending on which is currently in use. In practice, this means that the local time in these time zones changes when DST begins and ends.
Note: Local time in these time zones changes when Daylight Saving Time begins and ends.
Time Zones Not Currently Being Observed in United States
|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Commences|
|UTC -9||AKST||Alaska Standard Time||Nov 1, 2020|
|UTC -8||PST||Pacific Standard Time||Nov 1, 2020|
|UTC -6||CST||Central Standard Time||Nov 1, 2020|
|UTC -5||EST||Eastern Standard Time||Nov 1, 2020|
The above time zones are used during other parts of the year. They will become active again after the next clock change as Daylight Saving Time begins or ends.
Time Zones Being Used in Dependencies of United States
|Offset||Time Zone Abbreviation & Name||Dependency||Type||Current Time|
|UTC -12||AoE||Anywhere on Earth||US Minor Outlying Islands||Territory||Sat, 7:33:09 pm|
|UTC -11||SST||Samoa Standard Time||American Samoa||Unincorp. unorg. territory||Sat, 8:33:09 pm|
|SST||Samoa Standard Time||US Minor Outlying Islands||Territory||Sat, 8:33:09 pm|
|UTC -4||AST||Atlantic Standard Time||Puerto Rico||Unincorp. org. territory||Sun, 3:33:09 am|
|AST||Atlantic Standard Time||US Virgin Islands||Unincorp. org. territory||Sun, 3:33:09 am|
|UTC +10||ChST||Chamorro Standard Time||Guam||Unincorp. org. territory||Sun, 5:33:09 pm|
|ChST||Chamorro Standard Time||Northern Mariana Islands||Unincorp. org. territory||Sun, 5:33:09 pm|
|UTC +12||WAKT||Wake Time||US Minor Outlying Islands||Territory||Sun, 7:33:09 pm|
The US dependencies don't use DST.
The United States' Time Zone History
The US was divided into 4 standard time zones on November 18, 1883, and jurisdiction for the zones was given to the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC). Since 1967, the US Department of Transportation (DOT) has been responsible for governing time zones in the country.
Time zones in the USA are defined in the U.S. Code, Title 15, Chapter 6, Subchapter IX - Standard Time. The time zones in the law are defined by their offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
There are 9 official time zones according to the law. In addition the uninhabited atolls of Baker Island (AoE) and Wake Island (WAKT) add to the time zone count, making 11 the total number of time zones in the US.
Time Zone News
- 3/9/2020 – Yukon to Stay Permanently on DST
- 2/19/2020 – DST Starts in the US & Canada
- 10/25/2019 – When Do Clocks Go Back in the US & Canada?
- 1/22/2019 – Metlakatla Remains on DST
- 10/15/2018 – Nov 4: DST Ends in USA & Canada
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