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On This Day in History, January 1

What Happened On This Day – January 1

  • 1999 The Euro becomes the official currency in 11 countries

    While the Euro was already valid for bank transfers, notes and coins were introduced on January 1, 2002.

  • 1993 Czechoslovakia is dissolved

    The country was peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

  • 1992 Russia is formed

    The formation of the Russian Federation followed the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

  • 1958 The European Economic Community is founded

    The EEC was a predecessor of today's European Union (EU)

  • 1912 Republic of China is founded

    It was succeeded by the People's Republic of China in 1949.

Births On This Day – January 1

  • 1919 J. D. Salinger

    American author

  • 1895 J. Edgar Hoover

    American 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation

  • 1864 Alfred Stieglitz

    American photographer

  • 1863 Pierre de Coubertin

    French historian, educator, founded the International Olympic Committee

  • 1735 Paul Revere

    American military officer

Deaths On This Day – January 1

  • 1997 Townes Van Zandt

    American singer-songwriter, guitarist

  • 1958 Edward Weston

    American photographer

  • 1953 Hank Williams

    American singer-songwriter, guitarist

  • 1894 Heinrich Hertz

    German physicist

  • 1782 Johann Christian Bach

    German composer

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