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On this day in history - January 9

What Happened On This Day – January 9

  • 2005 The second Sudanese War ends

    As an outcome, Southern Sudan is granted autonomy; in 2011, South Sudan becomes an independent nation.

  • 1916 The Battle of Gallipoli ends

    The Gallipoli Campaign during World War I ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.

  • 1861 The first shots of the American Civil War are fired

    The steamer, Star of the West, was fired upon by the Confederates as it attempted to enter Charleston Harbor

  • 1768 Philip Astley opens the world's first modern circus

    The British equestrian, who is considered the father of modern circus, opened a riding school in London where he also performed tricks for an audience in the afternoons.

  • 1431 The trial against Joan of Arc begins

    She was executed on May 30, 1431, exonerated in 1456, and canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV.

Illustration of stork, signifying birth

Births On This Day,
January 9

  • 1944 Jimmy Page

    English guitarist, songwriter, producer

  • 1941 Joan Baez

    American singer-songwriter, activist

  • 1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré

    Guinean politician, 1st President of Guinea

  • 1913 Richard Nixon

    American politician, 37th President of the United States

  • 1890 Kurt Tucholsky

    German journalist

Illustration of tombstone, signifying death

Deaths On This Day,
January 9

  • 2014 Amiri Baraka

    American poet, actor, activist

  • 1908 Wilhelm Busch

    German poet, painter, illustrator

  • 1908 Abraham Goldfaden

    Russian actor, playwright, author

  • 1873 Napoleon III

    French politician, 1st President of France

  • 1324 Marco Polo

    Italian explorer