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On This Day in History, January 9

What Happened On This Day – January 9

  • 2005 The second Sudanese War ends

    As an outcome, Southern Sudan is granted autonomy; in 2011, South Sudan becomes an independent nation.

  • 1916 The Battle of Gallipoli ends

    The Gallipoli Campaign during World War I ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.

  • 1861 The first shots of the American Civil War are fired

    The steamer, Star of the West, was fired upon by the Confederates as it attempted to enter Charleston Harbor

  • 1768 Philip Astley opens the world's first modern circus

    The British equestrian, who is considered the father of modern circus, opened a riding school in London where he also performed tricks for an audience in the afternoons.

  • 1431 The trial against Joan of Arc begins

    She was executed on May 30, 1431, exonerated in 1456, and canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV.

Births On This Day – January 9

  • 1944 Jimmy Page

    English guitarist, songwriter, producer

  • 1941 Joan Baez

    American singer-songwriter, activist

  • 1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré

    Guinean politician, 1st President of Guinea

  • 1913 Richard Nixon

    American politician, 37th President of the United States

  • 1890 Kurt Tucholsky

    German journalist

Deaths On This Day – January 9

  • 2014 Amiri Baraka

    American poet, actor, activist

  • 1908 Wilhelm Busch

    German poet, painter, illustrator

  • 1908 Abraham Goldfaden

    Russian actor, playwright, author

  • 1873 Napoleon III

    French politician, 1st President of France

  • 1324 Marco Polo

    Italian explorer