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On this day in history - May 23

What Happened On This Day – May 23

  • 1992 The Italian mafia murder Giovanni Falcone

    Falcone, a judge, was the mafia's most prominent adversary. After he, together with his wife and three bodyguards, fell victim to a car bomb, Falcone became a folk hero in Italy.

  • 1969 The Who release Tommy

    The British rock band's fourth album is considered the first musical work of the rock opera genre.

  • 1951 Delegates of the Dalai Lama sign the Seventeen Point Agreement

    The contract affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. According to Tibetan officials, the document was signed under duress and is, therefore, invalid.

  • 1949 The Federal Republic of Germany is established

    The proclamation of the Grundgesetz, Germany's current constitution, marked the birth hour of the republic. The foundation of West Germany came four years after the demise of the Nazi regime and the end of World War II.

  • 1844 Siyyid `Alí Muḥammad Shírází founds Bábism

    The Báb, as he called himself, created the religion which was a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith. His teachings were seen as a threat by the Islamic clergy, and his followers were brutally persecuted by the Persian government.

Illustration of stork, signifying birth

Births On This Day,
May 23

  • 1972 Rubens Barrichello

    Brazilian race car driver

  • 1954 Marvelous Marvin Hagler

    American boxer

  • 1921 Humphrey Lyttelton

    English trumpet player, composer

  • 1848 Otto Lilienthal

    German pilot, engineer

  • 1707 Carl Linnaeus

    Swedish botanist, physician, zoologist

Illustration of tombstone, signifying death

Deaths On This Day,
May 23

  • 2009 Roh Moo-hyun

    South Korean politician, 16th President of South Korea

  • 1995 Harold Wilson

    English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • 1937 John D. Rockefeller

    American businessman, philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company

  • 1906 Henrik Ibsen

    Norwegian poet, playwright, director

  • 1868 Kit Carson

    American soldier