What Happened On This Day – May 23
1992 The Italian mafia murder Giovanni Falcone
Falcone, a judge, was the mafia's most prominent adversary. After he, together with his wife and three bodyguards, fell victim to a car bomb, Falcone became a folk hero in Italy.
1969 The Who release Tommy
The British rock band's fourth album is considered the first musical work of the rock opera genre.
1951 Delegates of the Dalai Lama sign the Seventeen Point Agreement
The contract affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. According to Tibetan officials, the document was signed under duress and is, therefore, invalid.
1949 The Federal Republic of Germany is established
The proclamation of the Grundgesetz, Germany's current constitution, marked the birth hour of the republic. The foundation of West Germany came four years after the demise of the Nazi regime and the end of World War II.
1844 Siyyid `Alí Muḥammad Shírází founds Bábism
The Báb, as he called himself, created the religion which was a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith. His teachings were seen as a threat by the Islamic clergy, and his followers were brutally persecuted by the Persian government.
Births On This Day,
1972 Rubens Barrichello
Brazilian race car driver
1954 Marvelous Marvin Hagler
1921 Humphrey Lyttelton
English trumpet player, composer
1848 Otto Lilienthal
German pilot, engineer
1707 Carl Linnaeus
Swedish botanist, physician, zoologist
Deaths On This Day,
2009 Roh Moo-hyun
South Korean politician, 16th President of South Korea
1995 Harold Wilson
English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1937 John D. Rockefeller
American businessman, philanthropist, founded the Standard Oil Company
1906 Henrik Ibsen
Norwegian poet, playwright, director
1868 Kit Carson