What Happened On This Day – May 30
2011 Germany abandons nuclear energy
The government's decision followed the nuclear meltdown at Japan's Fukushima power plant and years of hands-on protests and activism by Germany powerful anti-nuclear movement.
1967 The Republic of Biafra is proclaimed
The short-lived state consisted of Nigeria's Eastern Region. Its secession sparked the Nigerian Civil War, which lasted until 1970 and resulted in the region's re-integration into Nigeria.
1962 Benjamin Britten's War Requiem is premiered
The work was performed for the consecration of the new Coventry Cathedral, which had been destroyed in World War II. It juxtaposes the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead with war poems by Wilfred Owen.
1961 The Dominican dictator, Rafael Trujillo, is assassinated
El Jefe had been the Dominican Republic's President for 31 years. Despite the assassination, the intended removal of the dictatorship in the Caribbean country failed as the ruler's son, Ramfis Trujillo, soon stepped into his father's shoes.
1911 The first Indianapolis 500 is held
Ray Harroun won the first running of the 500-mile automobile race, which is today one of the world's most prestigious sporting events.
Births On This Day – May 30
1980 Steven Gerrard
1949 Bob Willis
1846 Peter Carl Fabergé
Russian goldsmith, jeweler
1814 Mikhail Bakunin
Russian philosopher, theorist
1768 Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty
Deaths On This Day – May 30
1993 Sun Ra
American pianist, composer, bandleader, poet
1960 Boris Pasternak
Russian author, poet, Nobel Prize laureate
1640 Peter Paul Rubens
1431 Joan of Arc