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On This Day in History, May 27

What Happened On This Day – May 27

  • 2006 A massive earthquake devastates parts of Java, Indonesia

    With 5 million people living within 50 km of the quake's epicenter, about 6000 died, and 1.5 million were left homeless.

  • 1942 Czech resistance fighters kill Reinhard Heydrich

    The high-ranking German Nazi official was one of the main architects of the Holocaust. In retaliation, the Nazis murdered all male inhabitants over 15 years of age in the Czech village of Lidice and deported most of the remaining people to concentration camps.

  • 1937 The Golden Gate Bridge is opened

    The suspension bridge connecting San Francisco peninsula with Marin County is one of the most recognized works of United States architecture.

  • 1933 Walt Disney's cartoon Three Little Pigs is released

    The animated short film is one of the best-known cartoons of all time. In 1934, it was awarded the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.

  • 1851 The world's first chess tournament is held in London

    Adolf Anderssen, a maths teacher from Wrocław, won the tournament, which was held parallel to the 1851 Great Exhibition.

Births On This Day – May 27

  • 1975 Jamie Oliver

    English chef, author

  • 1934 Harlan Ellison

    American author, screenwriter

  • 1923 Henry Kissinger

    German/American politician, 56th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate

  • 1922 Christopher Lee

    English and singer

  • 1907 Rachel Carson

    American biologist, author

Deaths On This Day – May 27

  • 2011 Gil Scott-Heron

    American singer-songwriter, author

  • 1964 Jawaharlal Nehru

    Indian politician, 1st Prime Minister of India

  • 1840 Niccolò Paganini

    Italian violinist, composer

  • 1564 John Calvin

    French theologian, pastor

  • 927 Simeon I of Bulgaria

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