What Happened On This Day – May 16
1975 Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to conquer Mount Everest
The ascent by the Japanese adventurer came 22 years after Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first to reach the summit.
1966 In China, the Cultural Revolution begins
The publication of the May 16 notification marks the beginning of the political campaign, which was initiated by Mao Zedong and lasted ten years. Its objective was to strengthen communism by removing capitalist, traditional and cultural elements from Chinese society.
1960 Theodore Maiman fires the first functional laser
The American physicist's invention, an advancement of earlier research by scientists in the U.S. and the Soviet Union, was patented in 1967.
1929 The Oscars are awarded for the first time
The first Academy Awards were presented at a private dinner with about 270 attendees. Today, it is the world's most important entertainment awards ceremony.
1919 Albert Cushing Read takes off on the first transatlantic flight in history
The crossing from New York State, USA to Lisbon, Portugal on a Curtiss NC-4 flying boat took 19 days.
Births On This Day,
1966 Janet Jackson
American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, actress
1953 Pierce Brosnan
Irish/American actor, singer, producer
American singer, pianist, actor
1905 Henry Fonda
American actor, singer, producer
1831 David Edward Hughes
Welsh/American scientist, co-invented the microphone
Deaths On This Day,
2012 Maria Bieşu
Moldovan opera singer
1990 Jim Henson
American puppeteer, director, producer, founded The Company
1990 Sammy Davis, Jr.
American actor, singer, dancer
1977 Modibo Keïta
Malian politician, 1st President of Mali
1953 Django Reinhardt
Belgian guitarist, composer