What Happened On This Day – May 14
1973 Skylab blasts off into orbit
The United States' first space station crashed back to Earth on July 11, 1979, four years ahead of schedule. In its six years of service, the laboratory was used for many biomedical and technological experiments.
1970 The Red Army Faction (RAF) begins operations
The German left-wing activist group grew out of the peace and anti-imperialist movement of the 1960s. In reaction to the violent oppression by the German state, they later began operating as a terrorist cell and are responsible for several murders.
1955 The Warsaw Pact is established
Eight communist bloc countries signed the mutual defense treaty, which played an important role during the Cold War as an antagonist of NATO.
1948 Israel becomes an independent state
The announcement by Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, triggered a 10-month armed conflict known as the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. It started the day after the proclamation as troops of Egypt, Syria, Transjordan and Iraq invaded the young nation.
1796 The first smallpox vaccination is administered
The British physician, Edward Jenner, successfully inoculated an 8-year-old smallpox patient using material from a cowpox lesion. The word “vaccine” is derived from the Latin word for cow (vacca).
Births On This Day,
1984 Mark Zuckerberg
American computer programmer, businessman, co-founder of Facebook
1977 Roy Halladay
American baseball player
1969 Cate Blanchett
1923 Adnan Pachachi
1922 Franjo Tuđman
Croatian general, politician, 1st President of Croatia
Deaths On This Day,
2015 B.B. King
American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer
1998 Frank Sinatra
American singer, actor
1987 Rita Hayworth
American actress, dancer
1940 Emma Goldman
Lithuanian/American activist, writer
1881 Mary Seacole