Canada observed Eastern Standard Time (EST) all year.
DST was not in use in 1913.
Other years: 2019
Daylight Saving Time (DST) in Canada starts on the 2nd Sunday in March and ends on the 1st Sunday in November.
Most of Saskatchewan, some locations in Québec east of 63° westerly longitude (e.g. Blanc-Sablon), Southampton Island, and some areas in British Columbia don't use DST and stay on standard time all year. See table below.
DST in Provinces and Territories in Canada in 1913 (13 in total, 13 which don't observe DST)
|Alberta||No DST||Northwest Territories||No DST||Quebec||No DST|
|British Columbia||No DST||Nova Scotia||No DST||Saskatchewan||No DST|
|Manitoba||No DST||Nunavut||No DST||Yukon||No DST|
|New Brunswick||No DST||Ontario||No DST|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||No DST||Prince Edward Island||No DST|
On July 1, 1908, the residents of Port Arthur, Ontario, today's Thunder Bay, turned their clocks forward by 1 hour to start the world's first DST period. Other locations in Canada soon followed suit. On April 23, 1914, Regina in Saskatchewan implemented DST. The cities of Winnipeg and Brandon in Manitoba did so on April 24, 1916.
It is up to the legislation in each municipality in Canada to decide on the use of DST. As a result, there are some locations don't follow the DST schedule of their in provinces and territories. For example, while British Columbia uses DST, some locations in the province do not. These include Chetwynd, Creston, Dawson Creek, Fort Nelson, and Fort St. John. In Saskatchewan, it is the opposite. Most of the province does not observe DST, except for some locations, including Creighton and Denare Beach.
Since 2007, all provinces, territories, and locations in Canada using DST follow the same start and end dates as the United States.