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On this day in history - July 1

What Happened On This Day – July 1

  • 2002 The International Criminal Court (ICC) is established

    It is the first international judicial body that has the power to try individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. It was created by the Rome Statute, an international treaty that was signed in the Italian city of Rome in 1998.

  • 1991 The Warsaw Pact, a defense treaty between 8 communist countries, is formally disbanded in Prague

    The pact was founded in 1955, during the height of the Cold War, as a way to counterbalance the power of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Western Europe.

  • 1979 The Walkman makes its appearance in stores for the first time

    The portable audio cassette player was made by Sony and went on sale in Japan.

  • 1908 SOS is adopted as the International Distress Signal

    The 2nd International Radiotelegraphic Convention, which was signed in December 1906, made the Morse code distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·), the standard international maritime distress signal. Even though it was replaced by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System in 1999, SOS is universally seen as a distress call and is often mistakenly thought to be an abbreviation of Save Our Souls or Save Our Ship.

  • 1903 The Tour de France Bicycle Race is flagged off for the first time

    The now annual multi-leg bike race lasted for 20 days with a course that stretched about 1,500 miles. The race was first created by the sports daily, L'Auto , as a way to boost its circulation. The first Tour de France was win by Italian-French racer, Maurice Garin.

Illustration of stork, signifying birth

Births On This Day,
July 1

  • 1971 Missy Elliott

    American rapper, songwriter, producer, dancer, actress

  • 1967 Pamela Anderson

    Canadian/American model, actress, producer, author, activist

  • 1961 Diana, Princess of Wales

  • 1949 John Farnham

    English/Australian singer-songwriter, musician

  • 1934 Sydney Pollack

    American director

Illustration of tombstone, signifying death

Deaths On This Day,
July 1

  • 2006 Fred Trueman

    English cricketer

  • 2004 Marlon Brando

    American actor

  • 1974 Juan Perón

    Argentine military officer, politician, 29th President of Argentina

  • 1964 Pierre Monteux

    French conductor

  • 1925 Erik Satie

    French pianist, composer