What Happened On This Day – July 12
1984 Walter F. Mondale Names Geraldine A. Ferraro as Running Mate in Presidential Elections
New York Congressperson, Geraldine A. Ferraro, became the first woman to run for office on a major party ticket in the United States.
1975 São Tomé and Príncipe gains independence from Portuguese rule
The island nation was discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century. For over 200 years, its economy was run by African slaves who cultivated sugar, coffee, and cocoa. Manuel Pinto da Costa became the first president of the newly independent country.
1967 Race riots break out in Newark, New Jersey, killing 26 people and injuring several others
The violence began when two white policemen arrested a black cab driver.
1962 First performance of the Rolling Stones
The British rock band performed for the first time as a group at the Marquee Club in London.
1920 Moscow Peace Treaty is signed
Also known as the Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty, the treaty was signed between Lithuania and the Soviet Union. It recognized Lithuanian sovereignty in exchange for its neutrality and for safe passage for Russian troops to Poland.
Births On This Day,
1997 Malala Yousafzai
1937 Bill Cosby
American comedian, actor, producer, author
1904 Pablo Neruda
Chilean poet, Nobel Prize laureate
1884 Amedeo Modigliani
Italian painter, sculptor
1817 Henry David Thoreau
American writer, philosopher
Deaths On This Day,
2013 Amar Bose
American sound engineer, entrepreneur
2010 Harvey Pekar
1926 Gertrude Bell
British government administrator, writer, spy, archaeologist
1804 Alexander Hamilton
Nevisian/American economist, politician, philosopher, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury
1536 Desiderius Erasmus
Dutch theologian, priest