What Happened On This Day – July 5
1996 World's first live cloned mammal is born
Dolly the Sheep, a domestic ship was cloned using cells from an adult sheep by a team led by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell at the Roslin Institute. While her birth was considered to be a success for cloning science, she did not live very long – scientists had predicted that she would live for about 12 years, but she died just a few months short of her 7th birthday.
1995 Armenian Constitution is adopted
A nation-wide referendum led to the approval and adoption of Armenia's constitution. The country had gained its independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
1975 Cape Verde gains independence from Portugal
The Island country had come under Portuguese colonial control in the late 15th century.
1973 Coup in Rwanda
Then Army Chief of Staff, Juvénal Habyarimana, staged a coup and overthrew the President, Grégoire Kayibanda. Habyarimana then held the post of president for 20 years.
1811 Venezuela declares independence from Spain
Under the leadership of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela declared its independence from Spain. This started the Venezuelan War of Independence. The country gained independence 10 years later in 1821.
Births On This Day – July 5
1983 Zheng Jie
Chinese tennis player
1975 Ai Sugiyama
Japanese tennis player
1911 Georges Pompidou
French politician, Prime Minister, President of France
1853 Cecil Rhodes
English/South African businessman, politician, founded De Beers
1810 P. T. Barnum
American businessman, founded Ringling Bros., Barnum & Bailey Circus
Deaths On This Day – July 5
2011 Cy Twombly
American/Italian painter, sculptor
2006 Kenneth Lay
1945 John Curtin
Australian politician, 14th Prime Minister of Australia
1826 Stamford Raffles
1819 William Cornwallis