What Happened On This Day – June 30
1972 The first leap second is added to UTC
Leap seconds are added to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) from time to time to account for the Earth's slowing rotation. UTC is the basis for the calculation of local times worldwide.
1971 The crew of Soviet spacecraft “Soyuz 11” dies after the loss of air supply
The cause of the tragedy was a faulty valve. The three cosmonauts had previously achieved the first docking of a spacecraft to a space station in history.
1936 The novel “Gone with the Wind” is published
Margaret Mitchell's story set in the American South during the American Civil War became one of the United States' biggest best-sellers. The 1939 movie version starring Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable was similarly successful.
1908 The Tunguska event leaves 2000 square km of Siberian forest flattened and scorched
The devastation is believed to have been caused by the explosion of an asteroid or comet. It is the largest impact event in recorded history.
1905 Albert Einstein submits a paper outlining his theory of special relativity
The text “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” comprises the currently accepted theory about the relationship between space and time. The theory of special relativity is the basis for his theory of general relativity, which he published in 1916.
Births On This Day,
1985 Michael Phelps
1985 Cody Rhodes
American wrestler, actor
1983 Cheryl Cole
English singer-songwriter, dancer, model
1975 Ralf Schumacher
German race car driver
1966 Mike Tyson
American boxer, actor
Deaths On This Day,
2012 Yitzhak Shamir
Israeli politician, 7th Prime Minister of Israel
2001 Chet Atkins
American musician, songwriter, producer
1984 Lillian Hellman
1974 Vannevar Bush
1934 Kurt von Schleicher
German general, politician, 23rd Chancellor of Germany