What Happened On This Day – June 20
1991 The German parliament moves to Berlin
Bonn had been the capital of West Germany until the country's reunification in 1990. The “Hauptstadtbeschluss” (capital decision) stipulated that the seat of government and the parliament also be moved to the “new” capital Berlin.
1975 The film Jaws is premiered
Steven Spielberg's thriller about a rogue great white shark terrorizing a summer resort town is often regarded as one of the greatest films of all time.
1963 The “red telephone” is instituted
The hotline between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was established following Cuban Missile Crisis. Contrary to popular belief, communications between the two superpowers occurred via teletype or fax, and today, via email.
1942 Kazimierz Piechowski and three others escape from Auschwitz concentration camp
In a feat of “exceptional courage and gallantry”, as stated by the Polish author Kazimierz Smoleń, the four prisoners left via the front gate in a stolen SS staff car, dressed as SS officers. During World War II, the Nazi regime murdered 1.1 million people in Auschwitz. Only 144 are known to have escaped.
1837 Victoria becomes Queen of the United Kingdom
During the 64 years of her regency, the United Kingdom became one of the world's most potent powers. The British Empire soon encompassed large parts of the planet. Queen Victoria died in 1901.
Births On This Day – June 20
1978 Frank Lampard
1942 Brian Wilson
American singer-songwriter, musician, producer
1905 Lillian Hellman
1887 Kurt Schwitters
German painter, writer
1819 Jacques Offenbach
Deaths On This Day – June 20
1999 Clifton Fadiman
American game show host, author
1966 Georges Lemaître
Belgian priest, astronomer, cosmologist
1947 Bugsy Siegel
1837 William IV of the United Kingdom
1820 Manuel Belgrano
Argentinian economist, lawyer, politician