What Happened On This Day – June 22
1990 Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled
The crossing point on the sector border between East Berlin and West Berlin had become obsolete with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Today, the former checkpoint, including the famous sign stating “You are leaving the American sector”, is a tourist attraction.
1986 Diego Maradona coins the phrase “Hand of God”
The Argentinian football star had scored a goal with his hand during the FIFA World Cup quarter-final against England. The referee allowed the goal, the Argentinian team were later crowned world champions. After the game, Maradona said that the goal was scored “a little with the head of Maradona and a little with the hand of God”.
1945 Okinawa falls to U.S. troops
The Battle of Okinawa marked a decisive defeat for Japan during World War II as the archipelago represented the last line of defense for mainland Japan. The country surrendered two months after the end of the battle when two atomic bombs were dropped on the mainland.
1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union
The initially successful attack soon proved a disaster for the Germans as wintry conditions and fierce Soviet resistance caused massive losses and ultimately forced them to retreat.
1633 The Catholic Church forces Galileo Galilei to renounce his heliocentric world view
The Holy Office concluded that the Italian scientist, by stating that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe, was “vehemently suspect of heresy”. Galileo spent the rest of his life under house arrest.
Births On This Day,
1953 Cyndi Lauper
American singer-songwriter, producer, actress
1949 Meryl Streep
1940 Abbas Kiarostami
Iranian filmmaker, poet
1909 Katherine Dunham
1887 Julian Huxley
Deaths On This Day,
2008 George Carlin
American comedian, actor, author
1993 Pat Nixon
American educator, 39th First Lady of the United States
1987 Fred Astaire
American actor, singer, dancer
1969 Judy Garland
American actress, singer
1874 Howard Staunton
English chess player