What Happened On This Day – June 1
2009 Air France flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic
All 228 people on board died in the crash. It took two years to find and recover the wreckage from the ocean floor.
1979 Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) ends 90 years of white rule
In 1980, the Republic of Zimbabwe achieved sovereignty from the United Kingdom.
1974 The Heimlich maneuver is published
Henry Heimlich is credited with developing the technique using abdominal thrusts to stop choking.
1945 The first group of Berlin women start clearing the rubble of World War II
In Germany, the Trümmerfrauen are a well-known symbol for a new beginning after the total desolation in the aftermath of the war, and for the Wirtschaftswunder, the rapid reconstruction of Germany's economy through hard labor.
1831 The British explorer James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole
It is the location where the Earth's magnetic field points directly downwards. It lies in the vicinity of the Geographic North Pole.
Births On This Day,
1982 Justine Henin
Belgian tennis player
1974 Alanis Morissette
Canadian/American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, actress
1937 Morgan Freeman
American actor, producer
1926 Marilyn Monroe
American model, actress, singer
1907 Frank Whittle
English engineer, inventor, developed the jet engine
Deaths On This Day,
2008 Yves Saint Laurent
French fashion designer
1971 Reinhold Niebuhr
1952 John Dewey
American philosopher, psychologist
1868 James Buchanan
American politician, 15th President of the United States
Indian religious leader