What Happened On This Day – June 13
2002 The United States withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
The ABM Treaty was signed in 1972 by the Soviet Union and the United States. It regulated the establishment of anti-ballistic missile shields against nuclear missiles. Critics bemoaned the treaty's termination for its potential negative effect on nuclear proliferation.
2000 The leaders of South Korea and North Korea meet in an historic summit
The talks were initiated by then President of South Korea, Kim Dae-jung. For the implementation of his “Sunshine Policy”, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000.
1983 Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central solar system
The U.S. space probe crossed the orbit of Neptune, which at the time was classified as the furthest planet from the Sun.
1971 The New York Times publishes the Pentagon Papers
The secret study of the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War revealed the government's lies concerning the scale of U.S. activities in Vietnam and neighboring countries. Daniel Ellsberg, an employee of the RAND Corporation, leaked the documents to the New York Times, and he was later tried but not convicted of espionage.
1950 South Africa implements the Group Areas Act
The law assigned geographically separate residential and business areas for different racial groups, forcing non-whites from the most developed areas. It was a major pillar of the apartheid system of racial segregation and oppression.
Births On This Day – June 13
1944 Ban Ki-moon
South Korean diplomat, 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
1897 Paavo Nurmi
1888 Fernando Pessoa
1884 Gerald Gardner
1865 W. B. Yeats
Irish poet, Nobel Prize laureate
Deaths On This Day – June 13
2006 Charles Haughey
Irish politician, 7th Prime Minister of Ireland
1979 Demetrio Stratos
1918 Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
1886 Ludwig II of Bavaria
1645 Miyamoto Musashi
Japanese swordsman, author