What Happened On This Day – June 28
1969 A police raid of a gay tavern sparks a series of violent clashes
The Stonewall Riots in New York City marked the beginning of the gay rights movement in the United States. The Christopher Street Day, a yearly observance for Gay Pride in some European countries, is named after the bar's location.
1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
From Israel's point of view, the annexation effected the reunification of its capital city. However, the international community declared it illegal and views East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel.
1939 The world's first scheduled transatlantic flight takes off
The Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat was operated by Pan Am. It took about 24 hours to reach Marseille, France. The scheduled service was soon discontinued again because of the outbreak of World War II.
1914 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are assassinated
Gavrilo Princip's attack effected a crisis among Europe's major powers (July Crisis). This ultimately triggered the First World War, which with over 37 million deaths was one of the bloodiest war of all time. Five years later to the day, the Treaty of Versailles formally ended the war.
1846 The saxophone is patented
Belgian musician Adolphe Sax developed the woodwind instrument typically made of brass, which in recent decades has heavily influenced the sound of the jazz, military band, rock, and pop musical genres.
Births On This Day – June 28
1940 Muhammad Yunus
Bangladeshi economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1926 Mel Brooks
American actor, director, producer, writer
1712 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Swiss philosopher, polymath
1577 Peter Paul Rubens
1491 Henry VIII of England
Deaths On This Day – June 28
2001 Mortimer J. Adler
American philosopher, author
1981 Terry Fox
Canadian athlete, activist
1975 Rod Serling
American screenwriter, producer, created The Twilight Zone
1962 Mickey Cochrane
American baseball player, manager
1836 James Madison
American politician, 4th President of the United States