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Articles About Moon (60)

What Is a Supermoon?

A Supermoon happens when a Full Moon or New Moon coincides with the Moon's closest approach to Earth, its perigee. more

What Causes Tides?

The combined gravitational force of the Moon and the Sun causes the tides in Earth's oceans. There are 2 high tides and 2 low tides every 24 hours and 50 minutes (lunar day). more

Annular Solar Eclipse

An annular solar eclipse is when the Moon moves in front of the Sun but leaves the outer edge of the Sun visible as a ring of fire. more

What Is the Antumbra?

The antumbra is the lighter part of a shadow that forms at a certain distance from the object casting the shadow. It is involved in annular solar eclipses and planet transits. more

What's a Blood Moon?

Blood Moon may stem from the red glow a Full Moon gets when Earth casts a shadow on it. The term is sometimes used to describe 4 total lunar eclipses that occur in a row. more

What Is a Hybrid Eclipse?

A hybrid eclipse or annular/total eclipse starts as a total solar eclipse but changes into an annular solar eclipse. Why is that so? When is the next hybrid solar eclipse? more

Eclipse Magnitude

Eclipse magnitude is a number that astronomers associate with solar or lunar eclipses. What does it mean? more

What Is the Penumbra?

The penumbra is the lighter outer part of a shadow. The Moon's penumbra causes partial solar eclipses, and the Earth's penumbra is involved in penumbral lunar eclipses. more

Penumbral Lunar Eclipse

A penumbral lunar eclipse occurs when the outer shadow of Earth falls on the Moon's face. It is easy to miss this type of lunar eclipse. more

Why 3 Shadows?

The Earth and the Moon cast 3 different shadows: umbra, penumbra, and antumbra. Why are there 3 types of shadows and how are they defined? more

What Is a Solar Eclipse?

Solar eclipses happen when the Moon moves between Sun and Earth, blocking the Sun's rays and casting a shadow on Earth. more

Solar Eclipses in History

Solar eclipses were historically see, as omens that bring about death and destruction. People in many ancient civilizations tried their best to understand them. more

Solar Eclipse Myths

The solar eclipse has inspired many mythical stories and influenced human behavior. Even today, eclipses of the Sun are considered bad omens in many cultures. more

Total Lunar Eclipses

A Total Lunar Eclipse happens when Earth's shadow blocks the direct light from the Sun reaching the Full Moon. more

Total Solar Eclipses

The total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017, has been nicknamed the Great American Eclipse as it will be visible all across the United States. more

What Is the Umbra?

The umbra is the dark center portion of a shadow. The Moon's umbra causes total solar eclipses, and the Earth's umbra is involved in total and partial lunar eclipses. more

Watching Lunar Eclipses

A lunar eclipse can be seen with the naked eye, unlike solar eclipses, which have special safety requirements. more

The Moon Phases

There are 4 primary Moon phases and 4 intermediate phases. New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Third or Last Quarter Waxing and Waning Crescent Moon. more

Magnetic Declination

A compass needle doesn't point to the geographical North Pole but to magnetic north. Did you know that it usually doesn't point to the magnetic North Pole either? more

What Is Earthshine?

Earthshine is a dull glow that occurs when the Sun’s light reflects off the Earth's surface and illuminates the unlit portion of the Moon. more

The Horizontal Coordinate System

Learn how to use altitude (elevation) and azimuth angles to locate any object in the sky, such as stars, planets, satellites, the Sun, or the Moon. more

What Are Moonbows?

Moonbows occur when the Moon’s light is reflected and refracted off water droplets in the air. more

2017 / 2018 Cosmic Calendar

List of cosmic events in 2017 an 2018 including supermoons, solar and lunar eclipses, meteor showers, solstices, and equinoxes. more

November: Beaver Moon

The Full Moon in November is named after beavers. It is also called Frost Moon and Mourning Moon, depending on the winter solstice. more

What Is a Black Moon?

It can be the 3rd New Moon in a season of 4 New Moons or the 2nd New Moon in the same month or even no New Moon at all. more

Is a Blue Moon Blue?

A Blue Moon is a type of a Full Moon. It can also be a rare Moon that looks blue due to atmospheric dust particles. more

December: Cold Moon

The December Full Moon is called the Cold Moon, Long Nights Moon, the Moon before Yule, Oak Moon, while a Celtic name was Wolf Moon. more

The Moon's Far Side

The notion that there is a permanently dark side of the Moon is wrong. What is true, is that there is a far side of the Moon, a side we never see from Earth more

First Quarter Moon

The First Quarter Moon is a primary Moon phase when we can see exactly half of the Moon's surface illuminated. If it is the left or right half, depends on where you are on Earth. more

May: Flower Moon

The Full Moon in May is known as the Flower Moon. Other names include the Corn Planting Moon, and the Milk Moon, while some named it the Hare moon. more

Corn or Harvest Moon

The September Full Moon is usually the Harvest Moon, but this depends on the equinox. It is also called Full Corn Moon or Barley Moon. more

The Full Moon

The Full Moon is the moment the entire face of the Moon is illuminated by the Sun's rays. It is the 3rd primary phase. Each Full Moon has a name, except the Blue Moon. more

Full Moon Names

Full Moons had given names in many ancient cultures. The Full Moon names we use today often reflect nature like Harvest Moon. more

Harvest Moon in September

Harvest Moon is in September or October, the Full Moon nearest the autumnal (fall) equinox. 2017 Harvest Moon: October 5. Mid-Autumn Festival in China 中秋节; Vietnam Hong Kong and Taiwan. more

Hunter's Moon or Harvest Moon in October

Every third year, October’s Full Moon is the Harvest Moon. It also has several given names: Hunter’s Moon, Travel Moon, Dying Grass Moon, and sometimes Blood Moon or Sanguine Moon. more

The Lunar Month

A lunar month is the time it takes the Moon to pass through all of the Moon phases, usually measured from a New Moon the next New Moon. more

What Is Lunar Perigee and Apogee?

The Moon's orbit around Earth is elliptical. The point of the orbit closest to Earth is called perigee, while the point farthest from Earth is known as apogee. more

The New Moon

In modern astronomy, the New Moon is when the Sun and Moon are aligned, with the Sun and Earth on opposite sides of the Moon. The New Moon also has important cultural and religious significance worldwide. more

April: Pink Moon

Pink Moon comes from Pink Wild Ground Phlox which bloom in spring. Other names for this Full Moon are Sprouting Grass Moon, Fish Moon, Hare Moon, Egg Moon, and Paschal Moon. more

February: Snow Moon

The February Full Moon is named after the snow on the ground. Some Native American tribes named this the Hunger Moon, others called it the Storm Moon. more

June: Strawberry Moon

The wild strawberries that start to ripen during early summer gave name to the Full Moon in June. Other names are Rose Moon, Hot Moon, and Mead Moon. more

Sturgeon Moon

The Full Moon in August is named after the lake sturgeon. Other names for this Full Moon include Grain Moon, Green Corn Moon, Fruit Moon, and Barley Moon. more

Third Quarter Moon

The Third or Last Quarter Moon is when the opposite half of the Moon is illuminated compared to the First Quarter. more

Waning Crescent Moon

During the Waning Crescent Moon phase, the illuminated part of the Moon decreases from a semicircle at Third Quarter until it disappears from view entirely at New Moon. more

Waning Gibbous Moon

The Waning Gibbous Moon is an intermediate Moon phase which starts after Full Moon and lasts until half of the Moon's surface is illuminated at Third Quarter Moon. more

Waxing Crescent Moon

Waxing Crescent Moon is an intermediate Moon phase which starts after New Moon and lasts until half of the Moon's surface is illuminated at First Quarter Moon. more

Waxing Gibbous Moon

The Waxing Gibbous Moon is an intermediate Moon phase which starts after the First Quarter Moon and lasts until the Full Moon. more

January: Wolf Moon

The January Full Moon is named after howling wolves. In some cultures, it was known as Old Moon, Ice Moon, Snow Moon, and the Moon after Yule. more

March: Worm Moon

The Full Moon in March is the Worm Moon. It is also called Lenten Moon, Crow Moon, Crust Moon, Chaste Moon, Sugar Moon, and Sap Moon. more

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