Calendar of Cosmic Events - 2019
Check out the dates and times for astronomical events like equinoxes, solstices, meteor showers, eclipses, supermoons, and more.
The best time to see the shooting stars of the peaking Draconids is just before nightfall.
In many Native American cultures, October is the month of hunting and preparing for the upcoming winter season. This is why October's Full Moon is often called Hunter's Moon. It is sometimes known as the Blood Moon or Sanguine Moon, though in recent years, the term Blood Moon is also used to refer to a total lunar eclipse.
The Orionids are the second meteor shower in October. It peaks on October 21-22 but usually remains active between October 2 and November 7. The best time to see these shooting stars is just after midnight and before the Sun rises.
Mercury, the smallest planet of our solar system, will move between the Sun and the Earth and appear as a small, dark speck of dust in front of the Sun for about 5 hours and 30 minutes. Visible from most parts of the world, including North and South America, Europe, and Africa, the transit of mercury, like solar eclipses, must be viewed using specialized eyewear.
November's Full Moon is called a Beaver Moon, after beavers that build their dams during this time of the year.
The Leonids' shooting stars are visible between November 6 and 30, and peak on the night of November 17 and early morning of November 18, 2019 with up to 15 meteors per hour.
The year's final Full Moon in December is called a Cold Moon because of low temperatures in most locations in the Northern Hemisphere.
One of the best meteor showers of the year, the Geminids peaks on the night of December 13 and early morning hours of December 14, 2019, but will be visible from December 4-16.
The December solstice will take place at 04:19 UTC. Also known as the winter solstice, it is the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, it is the longest day of the year and is called the summer solstice.
Catch the shooting stars of the last major meteor shower of the year, the Ursids, when it peaks between the night of December 22 and 23, 2019.
2020 Cosmic Events
The first major meteor shower of 2020, the Quadrantids, peaks on the night of January 3 and early morning hours of January 4.
At 07:47 UTC, the Earth will reach its perihelion—the point on its orbit that is closest to the Sun.
The first Full Moon of the year is colloquially known as Wolf Moon in many northern cultures. This phase of the Moon takes places when the Sun and the Moon are on opposites sides of the Earth.
The Moon will come between the Sun and the Earth, and the illuminated side of the Moon will face away from the Earth. A New Moon is almost impossible to see, even with a telescope.
February's Full Moon is also often colloquially known as Snow Moon in many Northern Hemisphere cultures.
The best time to enjoy the first Super Moon of 2020 will be right after moonrise when the Moon is close to the horizon.
March 2020's Super Full Moon is also the Worm Moon, named after earthworms that tend to appear around in this time in many locations in the Northern Hemisphere.
A New Moon will take place at the same time as the Moon is farthest from the Earth on its orbit. A New Moon cannot be seen from the Earth.
The Full Moon in April is sometimes known as the Pink Moon because of phlox, a pink flower, that blooms around this time in the North.
The Lyrid meteor shower is expected to peak around April 21 and 22, depending on your location.
Use our handy Interactive Meteor Shower Sky Map to increase your chances of seeing shooting stars from the Eta Aquarids.
In many cultures, the Full Moon in May is known as the Flower Moon because of all the flowers that bloom around this time.
This will be the last Super Moon of 2020.
Which planets are visible in the night sky from your location. More
Where and when can you see shooting stars? When is the next meteor shower? Try the Interactive Meteor Sky Map!More