Calendar of Cosmic Events - 2019
Check out the dates and times for astronomical events like equinoxes, solstices, meteor showers, eclipses, supermoons, and more.
The first Full Moon of the year is colloquially known as Wolf Moon in many northern cultures. This phase of the Moon takes places when the Sun and the Moon are on opposites sides of the Earth.
January 2019's Wolf Moon is also a Super Moon, because the Full Moon takes place when the Moon is at its perigee, so it will look a little larger than usual. It may appear even larger at moonrise and moonset, but that is an illusion.
The Super Full Wolf Moon will be fully eclipsed for over an hour, as the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon. The eclipse will be visible from North and South America, and parts of Europe and is being called a Super Wolf Blood Moon.
The best time to enjoy the second Super Moon of 2019 will be right after moonrise, when the Moon is close to the horizon.
February's Full Moon is also often colloquially known as Snow Moon in many Northern Hemisphere cultures.
The Full Moon in April is sometimes known as the Pink Moon because of phlox, a pink flower, that blooms around this time in the North.
The Lyrid meteor shower is expected to peak between April 22 and 23.
The best time to see shooting stars from the Eta Aquarid meteor shower is in the early morning, just before dawn, on May 6.
In many cultures, the Full Moon in the month of May is known as the Flower Moon because of all the flowers that bloom around this time.
June in many northern locations marks the beginning of the strawberry season. Because of this, the month's Full Moon is often called Strawberry Moon.
This solstice is the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the longest day of the year.
In the Southern Hemisphere, it's the winter solstice and the shortest day of the year.
July's Full Moon is also known as Thunder Moon, Hay Moon, and Wort Moon.
Almost two weeks after the July 2, 2019 total solar eclipse, a partial lunar eclipse will take place. It will be visible from most of Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, South/East North America, South America, and Antarctica.
The shooting stars of the Perseid meteor shower, are known as the most active and brightest meteor showers of the year. They are usually active between July 17 and August 24.
August's Full Moon is known as the Sturgeon Moon, after the North American lake sturgeon.
Also known as the autumnal (fall) equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, the September Equinox is considered by many as the first day of fall.
The best time to see the shooting stars of the peaking Draconids is just before nightfall.
In many Native American cultures, October is the month of hunting and preparing for the upcoming winter season. This is why October's Full Moon is often called Hunter's Moon. It is sometimes known as the Blood Moon or Sanguine Moon, though in recent years, the term Blood Moon is also used to refer to a total lunar eclipse.
The Orionids are the second meteor shower in October. It peaks on October 21-22 but usually remains active between October 2 and November 7. The best time to see these shooting stars is just after midnight and before the Sun rises.
Mercury, the smallest planet of our solar system, will move between the Sun and the Earth and appear as a small, dark speck of dust in front of the Sun for about 5 hours and 30 minutes. Visible from most parts of the world, including North and South America, Europe, and Africa, the transit of mercury, like solar eclipses, must be viewed using specialized eyewear.
November's Full Moon is called a Beaver Moon, after beavers that build their dams during this time of the year.
The Leonids' shooting stars are visible between November 6 and 30, and peak on the night of November 17 and early morning of November 18, 2019 with up to 15 meteors per hour.
The year's final Full Moon in December is called a Cold Moon because of low temperatures in most locations in the Northern Hemisphere.
One of the best meteor showers of the year, the Geminids peaks on the night of December 13 and early morning hours of December 14, 2019, but will be visible from December 4-16.
The December solstice will take place at 04:19 UTC. Also known as the winter solstice, it is the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, it is the longest day of the year and is called the summer solstice.
Catch the shooting stars of the last major meteor shower of the year, the Ursids, when it peaks between the night of December 22 and 23, 2019.
Watch the total lunar eclipse LIVE. Go to LIVE page
- What Is a Supermoon?
- The Moon Illusion
- The Moon Phases
- The Moon's Effect on Tides
- What Is a Micro Moon?
- How Can Full Moon Be in the Daytime?
- Is a Blue Moon Blue?
- The Moon's Orbit
- The Far Side of the Moon
- What Is a Black Moon?
- What Are Moonbows?
- Full Moon Names
- Taking pictures of the Moon
- When Is the Next Solar Eclipse?
- Different Types of Eclipses
- What Are Solar Eclipses?
- How Often Do Solar Eclipses Occur?
- Total Solar Eclipses
- Partial Solar Eclipses
- Annular Solar Eclipses
- Hybrid Solar Eclipses
- Solar Eclipses in History
- Solar Eclipse Myths
- Magnitude of Eclipses
The Moon Phases
- The Lunar Month
- New Moon
- Waxing Crescent Moon
- First Quarter Moon
- Waxing Gibbous Moon
- Full Moon
- Waning Gibbous Moon
- Third Quarter Moon
- Waning Crescent Moon
Winter & Summer Solstices
- What Is the June Solstice?
- June Solstice Facts
- What Is the December Solstice?
- December Solstice Facts
- When Is the Summer Solstice?
- When Is the Winter Solstice?
- June Solstice Celebrations
- December Solstice Celebrations