Daylight Saving Time and Time Zones in Europe
Europe is divided into 4 main time zones that span from UTC+0 hours in western European countries to UTC+3 hours in Belarus and parts of Russia.
DST in Europe
It includes all countries in the European Economic Area (EEA), except Iceland. Switzerland follows the same schedule although the country is not part of the EEA. In the map, all colored areas with diagonal lines follow the schedule.
DST Starts and Ends at Different Local Times
While the switch occurs at the same moment in all participating countries, local times vary because Europe has several time zones. For example, DST starts at 02:00 (2 am) local standard time in countries like France and Germany, while Finland and Greece advance their clocks at 03:00 (3 am) local time. To find out local times for all European countries, please see the table below or enter a country into our DST search.
How Many Time Zones Are There in Europe?
From Iceland in the west to western parts of Russia in the east, the European continent spans 4 standard time zones. There are 4 corresponding DST time zones.
|Europe's 4 Main Time Zones|
|Western Europe||Central Europe||Eastern Europe||Belarus and|
|Non-daylight saving period||Western European Time (WET) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)*.|
Time zone offset from UTC: none.
|Central European Time (CET).|
Time zone offset: UTC+1.
|Eastern European Time (EET).|
Time zone offset: UTC+2.
Time zone offset: UTC+3
|Daylight saving period||Western European Summer Time (WEST),|
as well as British Summer Time (BST)
Irish Standard Time (IST).
Time zone offset: UTC+1
|Central European Summer Time (CEST).|
Time zone offset: UTC+2.
|Eastern European Summer Time (EEST).|
Time zone offset: UTC+3.
|What time does DST start?||At 01:00 (1 am) local time, the clocks move forward to 02:00 (2 am) local time, except in Iceland.||At 02:00 (2 am) local time, the clocks move forward to 03:00 (3 am) local time.||At 03:00 (3 am) local time, the clocks move forward to 04:00 (4 am) local time.||No DST|
|What time does DST end?||At 02:00 (2 am) local time, the clocks move back to 01:00 (1 am) local time, except in Iceland.||At 03:00 (3 am) local time, the clocks move back to 02:00 (2 am) local time.||The clocks move back from 04:00 (4 am) to 03:00 (3 am) local time.||No DST|
Iceland, Ireland, and the United Kingdom observe GMT as their standard time. Iceland does not observe DST so it remains on GMT all year round. While Ireland switches from GMT to Irish Standard Time (IST), the UK's DST time zone is called British Summer Time (BST). Note: The UK is not on GMT during the DST period.