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On This Day in History, November 19

What Happened On This Day – November 19

  • 1977 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat visits Israel

    Sadat was the first Arab head of state to visit Israel and address the Israeli parliament, the Knesset. His visit came under severe criticism both in Israel and in the Arab world. Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for their attempts to bring a resolution to the Arab-Israeli conflict.

  • 1969 Second Moon Landing

    The second spacecraft to land on the Moon, Apollo 12 was the 6th manned flight of NASA’s Apollo program. Crew members Charles Conrad Jr. and Alan L. Bean became the 3rd and 4th humans to step on the surface of the Moon. The first 2 were Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.

  • 1969 Pelé’s 1000th goal

    The Brazilian footballer, often considered to be the greatest athlete of the 20th century, made his 1,000th professional goal against Vasco da Gama at the Maracana stadium in Rio de Janeiro.

  • 1943 Janowska camp uprising

    The concentration camp in occupied Poland was set up in 1941. In November 1943, in anticipation of the advancement of Soviet troops, the Nazis tried to evacuate the camp and used the inmates to remove traces of executions and mass killings in the past. On this day, the inmates staged an uprising and attempted to escape. Most escapees, however, were recaptured and killed.

  • 1794 Signing of the Jay Treaty

    The treaty, officially known as, Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation, between His Britannic Majesty and The United States of America, was signed between representatives of the United States and Britain. It called for the British to surrender northwestern posts to the U.S. and for them to consider the United States as a most favored nation for trade between the two countries.

Births On This Day – November 19

  • 1941 Tommy Thompson

    American politician, 42nd Governor of Wisconsin

  • 1917 Indira Gandhi

    Indian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of India

  • 1888 José Raúl Capablanca

    Cuban chess player

  • 1831 James A. Garfield

    American politician, 20th President of the United States

  • 1600 Charles I of England

Deaths On This Day – November 19

  • 1924 Thomas H. Ince

    American actor, director, producer

  • 1918 Joseph F. Smith

    American religious leader, 6th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • 1850 Richard Mentor Johnson

    American politician, 9th Vice President of the United States

  • 1828 Franz Schubert

    Austrian composer

  • 1798 Wolfe Tone

    Irish patriot

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