What Happened On This Day – February 16
2005 The Kyoto Protocol goes into effect
The global warming pact was ratified by 191 countries to date - excluding the United States.
1987 The first trial against John Demjanjuk begins in Jerusalem
Demjanjuk was falsely accused of being a particularly brutal Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible”; in a separate trial in 2011, he was convicted by a German criminal court as an accessory to the murder of 27,900 people.
1985 Hezbollah is founded
The Lebanese political party and militant group is classified as a terrorist organization by several western countries.
1959 Fidel Castro becomes Cuba's Prime Minister
Castro's rise to power came shortly after his “26th of July Movement” had overthrown dictator Fulgencio Batista in what became known as the Cuban Revolution.
1923 The burial chamber of Pharoh Tutankhamun is opened
Howard Carter's discovery is one of archeology's best known, especially due to the myth of the “Curse of Tutankhamun” that was sparked by the death of Lord Carnarvon who was one of the first to enter the chamber.
Births On This Day,
1979 Valentino Rossi
Italian motorcycle racer
1954 Iain Banks
1941 Kim Jong-il
North Korean politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea
1898 Katharine Cornell
American actress, producer
1831 Nikolai Leskov
Russian author, playwright, journalist
Deaths On This Day,
2013 Tony Sheridan
English singer-songwriter, guitarist
2002 Walter Winterbottom
England football manager
1984 M. A. G. Osmany
1957 Josef Hofmann
Polish/American pianist, composer
1932 Edgar Speyer
American/English financier, philanthropist