What Happened On This Day – August 20
1993 Oslo accords negotiations conclude
The negotiations for the Oslo Accords were concluded at the Fafo Institute in Oslo. The agreement was between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. The accords, that were eventually signed in Washington D.C. set up the Palestinian Authority and gave it governing powers over the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
1988 The Iran-Iraq War comes to an end after 7 years
The deadly conventional war between the two Middle Eastern countries began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22, 1980.
1975 Viking 1 is launched by NASA using a Titan launch vehicle
It became the first space probe to successfully land on Mars.
1960 Senegal withdraws from the Mali Federation
Senegal withdrew from the Mali Federation, a year after its establishment. Léopold Senghor became the first president of Senegal a month later.
1940 Leon Trotsky is attacked in Mexico
Russian revolutionary and founder of the Red Army, Leon Trotsky was attacked in his home by an undercover agent of the Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs or N.K.V.D. He died a day later due to the injuries sustained during the attack.
Births On This Day – August 20
1944 Rajiv Gandhi
Indian politician, 6th Prime Minister of India
1941 Slobodan Milošević
Serbian politician, 3rd President of Serbia, Montenegro
1935 Ron Paul
American physician, author, politician
1923 Jim Reeves
1890 H. P. Lovecraft
Deaths On This Day – August 20
2012 Meles Zenawi
Ethiopian politician, Prime Minister of Ethiopia
1996 Rio Reiser
1915 Paul Ehrlich
German physician, Nobel Prize laureate
1914 Pope Pius X
1643 Anne Hutchinson
English spiritual adviser