What Happened On This Day – March 13
2013 Pope Francis succeeds Pope Benedict XVI
Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina became the 266th leader of the Catholic Church, which has 1.2 billion members around the world.
1997 A series of unidentified lights appear over Phoenix, Arizona
The Phoenix Lights caused heated debate in the UFO community. It emerged later that some of the lights were caused by illumination flares dropped from a U.S. Air Force plane.
1943 German troops liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków
Thousands of men, women and children were murdered by the nazis or deported to extermination camps. The horrific event is portrayed in the film, Schindler's List.
1845 Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto is premiered
The German composer's opus 64 is one of the most frequently performed violin concertos in history.
1781 Uranus is discovered
German-born British astronomer William Herschel is credited with the planet's discovery. It is the third largest planet by radius in the solar system.
Births On This Day – March 13
1985 Matt Jackson
1939 Neil Sedaka
American singer-songwriter, pianist
1911 L. Ron Hubbard
American religious leader, author, founded the Church of Scientology
1907 Mircea Eliade
Romanian historian, author
1733 Joseph Priestley
English chemist, minister, philosopher
Deaths On This Day – March 13
1906 Susan B. Anthony
1901 Benjamin Harrison
American politician, 23rd President of the United States
1881 Alexander II of Russia
1879 Adolf Anderssen
German chess player
1842 Henry Shrapnel
English army officer