What Happened On This Day – April 15
1994 The World Trade Organization is founded
The WTO coordinates and strives to liberalize international trade. It has been criticized for ignoring and escalating the negative social and environmental side-effects of globalization.
1989 A small group of students initiates pro-democracy protest on Tiananmen Square in Beijing
The death of reformer Hu Yaobang triggered the demonstrations, which grew in size and were brutally dispersed in the Tiananmen Square Massacre on June 4.
1986 The United States launches retaliatory air strikes against Libya
Around 40 Libyans died in Operation El Dorado Canyon, including an infant girl. The attack was the United States' response to the bombing of a Berlin discotheque on April 5, in which 3 people had died.
1945 The German concentration camp Bergen-Belsen is liberated
British and Canadian troops found about 53,000 prisoners inside the camp. Tens of thousands died before and after the liberation.
1935 The Eastman Kodak Company launches Kodachrome
The photographic film was one of the most popular media used by professional and hobby photographers around the world. The product was discontinued in 2009 because of the advent of digital photography.
Births On This Day,
1894 Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet politician, 7th Premier of the Soviet Union
1858 Émile Durkheim
1843 Henry James
1832 Wilhelm Busch
German poet, painter, illustrator
1452 Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, sculptor, architect
Deaths On This Day,
1998 Pol Pot
Cambodian politician, 29th Prime Minister of Cambodia
1990 Greta Garbo
1980 Jean-Paul Sartre
French philosopher, writer
1889 Father Damien
Flemish missionary, priest
1865 Abraham Lincoln
American lawyer, politician, 16th President of the United States