What Happened On This Day – November 16
2001 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone released
The film version of the popular book by the same name written by author J. K. Rowling starred Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter and followed Potter's first year at Hogwarts, a school for magic.
1988 Estonians declare sovereignty from USSR
Estonians issued the Estonian Sovereignty Declaration as part of the Singing Revolution. The Declaration declared Estonian sovereignty from the Soviet Union and declared Estonian laws paramount over Soviet laws. The day is now celebrated as the Day of Declaration of Sovereignty.
1965 Soviets launch Venera 3
Part of the Venera program, it was the first space probe to land on another planet - Venus. Unfortunately, due to technical issues, it was not able to send any data back to Earth. The first space probe to send data from another planet to Earth was Venera 7.
1945 UNESCO founded
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a special branch of the United Nations which promotes peace and well-being through education, scientific collaboration and cultural understanding and exchange. It is headquartered in Paris, France and has 195 state members.
1940 Warsaw ghetto sealed
The largest Jewish ghetto in Nazi-occupied Poland, the Warsaw ghetto, was created in October 1940 by a German decree. According to the decree, all Jews in the city had to move to the ghetto, which was closed off by a 10 feet wall and had soldiers and police guarding it from the outside 24 hours a day. The ghetto was the scene of one of the largest Jewish uprisings during the Second World War in 1943.
Births On This Day,
1977 Maggie Gyllenhaal
1952 Shigeru Miyamoto
Japanese video game designer, created Mario, The Legend of Zelda
1930 Chinua Achebe
Nigerian author, poet, academic
1922 José Saramago
Portuguese author, Nobel Prize laureate
Deaths On This Day,
2006 Milton Friedman
American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1960 Clark Gable
1885 Louis Riel
1724 Jack Sheppard